As per the report published by the world healthorganization, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the worldafter cataracts. There are estimated around over 60 million cases of glaucoma worldwide.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that generally occurs due to the damage of the optic nerve. An optic nerve is very essential to provide good vision and supplies visual information to your brain from your eyes.
The eyes pecialist in Thatipur, Gwalior explained the main reason behind the damage of the optic nerve is an abnormal pressure inside your eyes. Our eyes use to make fluid that fills the front part of the eyes and is released through the cornea and iris. When these channels get blocked or obstructed and could not release the fluid the pressure inside your eyes increased.
This increasing pressure damages the optic nerve and causes glaucoma. However, there could be some other reasons also to increase the pressure in your eyes. Such as certain medications, poor blood flow to the optic nerve, and high or low blood pressure.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Open-angle glaucoma is the primary type of glaucomafound in most people. It has no sudden symptoms. You can only get signs in theform of gradual vision loss. Hence it is advisable to go for a regular eye check-up. So that, the ophthalmologist can monitor the changes in your vision and detect them at an early stage.
Acute angle glaucoma or also known as narrow-angle glaucoma is less common. However, it is equally threatening. Some of the commonsymptoms of acute angle glaucoma are, serve eye pain, redness in the eyes, blurred or hazy vision, nausea, and halos around light. If you are experiencing such symptoms, you need to visit the eye specialist immediately.
Prevention of Glaucoma
Sadly there is no treatment available for glaucoma if it detects in the advanced stage. Therefore taking the prevention has become more vital to prevent yourself from blindness.
One of the main and important preventions you can take is to have your eyes checked regularly. Regular eye checkup helps you detect glaucoma at an early stage. This made it easy to treat it before it gets worse.
Generally, people over 40 are more at risk of glaucoma but it can be genetic also. Therefore it is very important to check your family history of eye health. Out of every 10,000 children, approximately 1 is born with glaucoma. Besides, young people can also get glaucoma. The cases are rare but it does exist.
Exercise and eye yoga are also good to prevent glaucoma. It gives the necessary relaxation to your eyes and improves bloodflow.
It is better to wear eye protection while using power tools or playing high-speed racket sports to save your eyes from any serious injury. Such injuries can lead to glaucoma.
Glaucoma can cause complete blindness if it is not treated on time. The early detection of glaucoma is very necessary for the proper treatment. And the best way to catch glaucoma early is proper eye care and regular eye checkups. Make an appointment with your eye specialist and get your eye check-up done today.